Minor’s rights

Minor’s rights

Details of minors' rights below

  • in the healthcare service
  • at the pharmacy
  • In My Kanta Pages.

In the healthcare service 

Rights regarding prescriptions

The healthcare unit makes an assessment of whether minors are capable of self-determination. If the healthcare personnel so assesses, minors have the same rights as adults.   

Therefore, they are able to give their consent on

  • producing a printout of their prescriptions summary
  • checking their overall medication regimen 
  • cancelling their prescription
  • renewing their prescription and providing their phone number for notifications by text message. 

Rights regarding medical records

A minor capable of self-determination can

  • consent to disclosure of their medical records for treatment purposes
  • refuse to allow disclosure of their records. 
    • Also covers disclosure of records to parents and guardians.

If the minor is not capable of self-determination, the parent or guardian gives the consent.

  • A minor's parents, guardian or other person responsible for their care has no right to refuse disclosure of the minor's medical records to a healthcare unit treating the minor.

At the pharmacy

A minor can

  • collect their prescribed medicines from the pharmacy 
  • collect medicines on behalf of others.

Currently, a person under 18 cannot collect medicines on electronic prescriptions from pharmacies in other European countries, because there is no facility for minors to give the necessary consent in My Kanta Pages.

A person over 15 can

  • renew a prescription at a pharmacy
  • give consents relating to prescriptions at a pharmacy
    • Consents for younger patients are always given by the parent or guardian.

However, a minor cannot be given permission by consent to request

  • a medication summary
  • a medications review of the person on behalf of whom the minor is acting 
  • cancellation of a medicine or
  • renewal of a prescription.

In My Kanta Pages

In My Kanta Pages, a minor can

  • view prescriptions and medical records entered in Kanta Services from 1 August 2016
  • request renewal of a prescription.

In My Kanta Pages, a minor cannot themselves 

  • sign for information as received
  • give consents
  • set refusals
  • give their wishes on organ donation or a living will. 

Minors have the right to decide whether or not their records are shown to their parents or guardians, if they have been assessed as sufficiently mature for self-determination by a healthcare unit. In such a case, the health service can block the parent or guardian from viewing the records in My Kanta Pages. However, parents or guardians are currently unable to view the records of a child over 10 in My Kanta Pages.

When a minor reaches the age of 18, they have access also to their records entered before 1 August 2016, when acting on behalf of a minor was adopted in Kanta Services.

Under-aged parent or guardian

If a person under 18 is a child's parent or guardian, they have the same rights to take care of their under-aged child’s affairs as an adult parent or guardian. 
In other European countries, a parent or guardian under 18 is currently deemed to be under-aged, and they have no right to act on the child's behalf. 

Last updated 09.10.2020