The Client Data Act will bring changes to the Kanta Services, such as
- sharing of data between service providers within the healthcare or social welfare services as well as between the healtcare and social welfare sectors
- the option of sharing wellbeing data in the Kanta PHR with healthcare and social welfare service operators
- the obligation of social welfare service providers to join Kanta.
The changes will enter into force in phases. The changes that are required at the time when the Act enters into force will be implemented first.
Sharing of data
As a result of the Client Data Act, client data will move within the healthcare and social welfare services between organisations if the client has given their consent to sharing the data.
Before client and patient data can be shared, the client must be informed of the Kanta Services, their operating principles and the client’s rights. However, there is no need to provide this information again as a result of the changes to the Client Data Act. Kanta information shall be provided again if the client has not been informed before or if there are changes to the services.
As a result of the legislative reform, information provided in healthcare and in My Kanta Pages covers all Kanta Services. In social welfare services, the obligation to provide information starts when the service provider has joined the Kanta Services and data sharing within the sector is enabled.
Kanta informing will become available for downloading in our material bank at a later date.
Consent to data sharing; consents and refusals
The current consent that enables data sharing within the healthcare services will be renamed as consent to data sharing. A similar consent to data sharing will also be applied to internal sharing of data within social welfare services.
Consents given previously in healthcare service will remain in force, enabling the continuation of data sharing also in the future. The client can restrict the consent to data sharing by issuing refusals. A parent or guardian or another legal representative may issue refusals on behalf of a minor in the healthcare service.
A healthcare service provider must record entries of information given, consents to data sharing, and refusals, consents and other declarations of intent without delay in the patient data system.
When the client so requests, they must be given a printout of consents to data sharing, consents and refusals, or similar information about the above declarations of intent in another accessible way. After the Act has entered into force, it will not be necessary to sign the above-mentioned documents or archive them in the operating units.
A verbal consent to sharing prescription data will be withdrawn when the new Client Data Act enters into force.
Changes to data sharing becoming effective at a later date
In the future, a client or patient will be able to extend a refusal to all of their client and patient data in the healthcare and social welfare services (extensive refusal to share data). In future, it will be possible to provide a client with a summary of all effective refusals at their request.
Sharing of data between the healthcare and social welfare sectors is based on a new consent given by the client.
Wellbeing data in the Kanta PHR can be shared with service enablers with the citizen’s consent in order to implement health and social services.
Obligation for social welfare services to join the Kanta Services
The Client Data Act obliges all providers of public and private social welfare service to join the Client Data Archive for Social Welfare Services. In addition, there will be changes to the recording of client documents in the social service as a result of the Act. The social service will deploy the Kanta Services within the transition periods.